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Pundarik Mukhopadhaya

Pundarik Mukhopadhaya
  • Title: Associate Professor
  • Position: Associate Professor - Department of Economics
  • Qualifications: Bachelor of Economics (Honours), Viswa Bharati University, India; Master of Economics, Viswa Bharati University, India; Doctor of Philosophy, University of New South Wales, Australia

Contact Details

Areas of Expertise

Welfare Economics, Development Economics


Dr Mukhopadhaya holds a PhD in Economics from the University of New South Wales. His research interests are in Applied Welfare Economics, Applied Policy Analysis, Higher Education and Manpower, Trade and Economics of Law. Dr Mukhopadhaya's publications include three books, 15 book chapters, and more than 30 academic papers in international refereed journals on theoretical and empirical economics. These journals include Research on Economic Inequality, Applied Economics, Journal of Income Distribution, Journal of Asian Economics, Asian Economic Journal, Economic Record, Journal of Contemporary Asia, The Developing Economies, Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy, Netherland Journal of Law, International Journal of Educational Development. His consultancy clients include UNESCO, the World Bank, and the World Health Organisation.

Professional Certifications:

  • Post Graduate Diploma in Systems Management with National Institute of Information Technology


  • Doctor of Philosophy: Economics (University of New South Wales)
  • Masters in Economics: Economics, Mathematical Economics (Viswa Bharati University)
  • Bachelor in Economics (Honours): Economics, Mathematics, Statistics (Viswa Bharati University)

Research grants

  • Exploration of Australia's trade potential with India and the effect of relaxed trade barriers, Macquarie University Overseas Studies Program, 2019 ($8,500).
  • Supporting Economic Corridor Development through Strategic Planning Framework, Asian Development Bank, 2018-2019 (US$ 33,000).
  • Visiting International Scholar Award to invite Prof Tatsuto Yukihara in 2017-18 ($10,000).
  • Visiting International Scholar Award to invite Prof Jacques Silber in 2018-19 ($10,000).
  • Web-based Analytical Platform for China Datasets, 2016 Principal Investigator (Co-researchers: Guo, F., Cheng, Z., Wang, Y., Jackson, R., Huang, Y., Chris Baumann, Denise Jepsen, Monica Ren, Candy Lu, Jie Meng, Yiming Tang, Ben Wang, Daehoon Nahm, Trish Blazey) MQ Strategic Infrastructure Scheme (MQSIS), ($150,000.00).
  • Provost Learning and Teaching Grant on the project “Academic Honesty and Assessment Practices at Macquarie University”, 2014. Co-investigator (other members are from the Department of Computing, Department of Statistics and Learning and Teaching Centre in the Macquarie University), ($20,000).
  • Australia India Trade and Investment Relationship: Developing a Framework to Promote Sustainable Development, Macquarie University Development Research Grant, 2009-2011 ($50,000).
  • The possibilities for closer economic ties between India and Australia in Capital Goods Industries in the WTO Regime, Macquarie University New Staff Research Grant, 2005-2006 ($20,000).
  • Severance Pay: a Comparative Survey, World Bank 2003-2004 (with Professor Mukul Asher).
  • Economic Crisis and Higher Education in Singapore, International Institute for Education and Planning, UNESCO, 2000-2001 (with Professor G. Shantakumar).
  • "Income Disparity in Hong Kong and Taiwan", Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Government of Singapore, 2000-2002 (S$50,000).
  • "Crisis and Income Distribution in Indonesia", Ministry of Education, Government of Singapore, 2000-2001 (S$30,000).
  • "Income Inequality in Singapore", Ministry of Labour, Government of Singapore, 1999 (S$30,000).

Current projects

  • Multi-dimensional Poverty
  • Income Distribution in India and China
  • India-Australia Bilateral Trade
  • Severance Pay
  • Child Labour
  • Pension reform and ageing community
  • Women, Empowerment and Poverty

Research areas

Field of research and professional interest

Urbanization: Agglomeration, Competition, Sorting of firms; Labour market and distribution of wage; Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises

Labour and Applied Welfare Economics: Poverty analysis and multidimensionality; Trade-offs between equity and efficiency; Measurement of social welfare; Policies related to economic development and planning, severance pay, population/ageing, gender, welfare and social protection. Human Capital development, linkages between education and welfare.

Trade and Economics of Law: Bilateral Trade and WTO, CAFTA, One Belt One Road

Countries/Regions: South Asia, East Asia, Central and West Asia, South-East Asia, Australia, New Zealand


journal toggle icon open Refereed Journal Articles

  • “The Changing Texture of the City-size Wage Differential in Chinese Cities – Effects of Skill and Identity”, China Economic Review. DOI:10.1016/j.chieco.2018.09.008 (with L. Pan).
  • Is the ADB’s Conjecture on Upward Trend in Poverty for China Right? An Analysis of Income and Multidimensional Poverty in China”, Social Indicators Research. DOI: 10.1007/s11205-018-1985-1 (with J. Yang).
  • "Measurement of Poverty in Multiple Dimensions – the Case of Vietnam", Social Indicators Research, August 2018, 138(3): 953–990 (with Anh Thu Quang Pham).
  • “Empirical Studies on Innovation Performance in the Manufacturing and Service Sectors Since 1995: A Systematic Review”, Economic Papers: A Journal of Applied Economics and Policy, 33(2): 223-248, March 2017 (with S. Kolluru).
  • Book Review: "Measuring Welfare Beyond Economics: The Genuine Progress of Hong Kong and Singapore”, Asia Pacific Economic Literature,  31(1): 96-97, May 2017.
  • "A Brief Survey on Some Issues Related to Income Distribution Analysis", forthcoming, Singapore Economic Review (with H. Vu).
  • "City Size and Wage Disparity in Segmented Labour Market in China", Australian Economic Papers, 55(2): 128-148, June 2016 (with Pan, L. and Li, J.).
  • "Disparities in the Level of Poverty in China: Evidence from China Family Panel Studies 2010", Social Indicators Research, 132(1): 411–450, May 2017 (with Yang, J.)
  • "Functioning Achievement in Urban Bangladesh: A Comparison with Rural Areas" Journal of Contemporary Asia, 46(2): 323-344, 2016, (with T. Chowdhury).
  • "'More Health for Money' in Vietnam: Does Operational Cost or Running Cost of Health Institutions Help Budgeting for More Services and Improve the Health of the population?" Journal of Health Care Finance, 42(2):182-200, Fall 2015,  (with Azzam, O and Patel, C.)
  • "Old age Income Insecurity in Singapore: A Problem of Non-inclusive Development", Australian Economic Papers, 2015, 53(3-4): 183-206 (with S. Venaik).
  • "Multidimensional Poverty Approach and Development of Indicators: The Case of Bangladesh", Contemporary South Asia 22(3): 268-289; 2014, (with T. Chowdhury).
  • "Are Women Less Efficient in Converting Microcredit into Functionings? Evidence from Bangladesh", European Journal of Development Research, 26(5): 725-742, December 2014 (with T Chowdhury).
  • "Women as marginal workers in informal mining and quarrying, India: A preliminary analysis", Journal of Asia Pacific Economy, June 2014 19(2): 290-309 (with K. Lahiri-Dutt).
  • Book Review: Widening Income Distribution in Post-Handover Hong Kong, Journal of Income Distribution 22(1):115-119 · March 2013
  • Book Review: Singapore's Ageing Population: Managing Healthcare and End-of-life Decisions edited by Chan Wing-Cheong, Sojourn Journal of Social Issues in Southeast Asia 28(3):595-598 · January 2013
  • "Trends of Income Inequality in China: The Effects of Various Sources of Income", Journal of Asia Pacific Economy, 18(2): 304-17, 2013
  • Australia-India Proposed Free Trade Agreement and Trade in Agriculture: Opportunities and Challenges", Journal of World Investment and Trade, 14:167-97, 2013 (with S. Alam and R. Islam).
  • "Limitations of the Theories of Non-profits and Benchmarking Services Delivery Dimensions of Poverty-reduction Programs in Rural Bangladesh", Journal of Non-Profit and Public Sector Marketing, 24: 325–350, 2012 (with T. Chowdhury).
  • "Education and Child Labour: An Evaluation of National Child Labour Policy in West Bengal, India", Journal of Contemporary Asia, 42(4):  651-75, 2012 (jointly with Uttam Bhattacharyya and Craig MacMillan).
  • "Assessment of Multidimensional Poverty and Effectiveness of Microfinance-driven Government and NGO Projects in the Rural Bangladesh", Journal of Socio Economics, 41: 500-512, 2012 (with T. Chowdhury).
  • "Integrating Trade in Education Services between Australia and India: Complementarities and Challenges", Journal of International Trade Law and Policy, 12(2): 133-47, 2012 (jointly with R. Islam and S. Alam).
  • "Poverty Alleviation and Service Delivery: Government and Non-Government Organizations in Rural Bangladesh", Oxford Development Studies, 39(4): 427-452, December 2011,  (jointly with T. Chowdhury).
  • "The General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), Water and Human Rights from the Perspective of Developing Countries", Netherlands International Law Review, LVIII: 43-75, 2011 (jointly with S. Alam and D. Randle).
  • "Reassessing the Relationship between Economic Growth and Inequality", Australian Economic Papers, June 2011, 30(2): 265-272 (jointly with Ha Vu).
  • "Intellectual Property and Economic Development in India", Journal of Interdisciplinary Economics, 22 (4): 335-355 (jointly with Ankit Prakash and Uttam Bhattacharya), 2010.
  • "Economics of Gender: The Case of Singapore", Journal of Interdisciplinary Economics, 21(4): 339-377, 2009 (jointly with G. Shantakumar).
  • Book Review: "Applied Welfare Economics", The Economic Record, 83 (262), 2007.
  • "Income Disparity Trends and Data Problems in Singapore: Some Myths and Realities", The Journal of Interdisciplinary Economics, 17(4), 2006.
  • "World Income Inequality data base (WIID) Review", Journal of Economic Inequality, 2004 (2): 229-234,.
  • "Wage Policy and its Effect on the Social Sector in Singapore", Problems and Perspectives in Management, 3/2004, 103-110.
  • "Trends in Total and Subgroup Inequality in Singaporean Work Force", Asian Economic Journal, 17:3, September, 2003, 243-264.
  • "Earning Inequality: The Singapore Case, 1974-98", Journal of Asia Pacific Economy, June 2003, 8(2): 210-228 (with V.V. Rao and D. S. Banerjee).
  • "Trends in Income Disparity and Equality Enhancing (?) Education Policies in the Development Stages of Singapore", International Journal of Educational Development, 2003, 23: 37-56.
  • "The Ordinal and Cardinal Judgment of Social Welfare Changes in Singapore, 1982-99", The Developing Economies, XLI, 1, March 2003, 65-87.
  • "The Trend of Welfare Disparity Among Subgroups of Population in Australia 1983-84 –1993-94", Applied Economics, 2002, 14: 1733-1741.
  • "Efficiency Criteria and the Sen-Type Social Welfare Function", Indian Economic Journal, April-June 2001-2002.
  • "A Method to Analyse Trends in Inequality by Subgroup Decomposition", Asia Africa Journal of Economics and Econometrics, June 2002, 2(1): 58-66.
  • Book Review: "Handbook of Development Policy and Management", Singapore Economic Review, 2002, 47(1):  183-87.
  • "The Gini Coefficient – A Note", The Indian Economic Journal, April-June, 2001. 48(4): 65-67 (jointly with V.V. Rao).
  • "Distribution of Income and Expansion of Education in Some East Asian Countries", Journal of Interdisciplinary Economics, 2001, 12(4): 327-357.
  • "The Miracle of Low Income Inequality: Taiwan, 1976-97", Journal of Income Distribution, 2001, 10(1-2): 95-101 (jointly with V. V. Rao).
  • "Changing Labour Force Gender Composition and Male-Female Income Disparity in Singapore", Journal of Asian Economics, 2001, 12(4): 547-68.
  • "The Changing Pattern of Sources of Income and its Impact on Inequality: The Method and its Application in Australia, 1975-1994", Economic Record, September 2001, 77(238): 242-251 (jointly with N. Podder).
  • "Unfashionable Economics Selected Contributions of Amartya K. Sen: 1998 Economics Nobel Laureate", New Zealand Economic Papers, June 2000, 34(1):  25-52 (jointly with S. Chatterjee).
  • Book Review: "Linkages between Government Spending, Growth and Poverty in Rural India", Singapore Economic Review, Vol 45, No. 1: 95-98, 2000.
  • "Inequality, Poverty and Prof. Amartya Sen", Productivity, April-June, 2000, 41(1): 130-141.
  • "Poverty Alleviation: Some Policy Recommendation", Productivity, Oct-Dec, 1997, 38(3): 336-350.
  • "Do Poverty Alleviation Policies Matter for Rural India?", Development Bulletin, July, 1997, 42: 8-11.
  • "Rural Poverty in India – Time Trend, States' Share and Policy Implications", Productivity, April - June 1994, 35(1):  148-156.
  • "Population, Poverty and Employment in India", Economic and Political Weekly, April 17, 1993, pp. 775-776.

books toggle icon open Books

  • China's War against the Many Faces of Poverty – Towards a New Long March, Routledge, New York, London. 2016. ISBN: 978-1-138-81960-3 (hbk); 978-1-315-74434-6 (ebk) (with J. Yang)
  • Income Inequality in Singapore, Routledge, London and New York. 2014. ISBN: 978-0-415-50489-8 (hbk); 978-1-315- 71797-7 (ebook)
  • Economic Growth and Income Inequality in China, India and Singapore: Trends and Policy Implications, Routledge, London and New York. 2011. ISBN: 978-0-415-61646-1 (hbk); 978-0-203-80926-6 (ebook) (with G. Shantakumar and B V Rao).

chapters toggle icon open Book Chapters

  • "Demographics, Incomes and Development Issues Amongst Indians in Singapore", in K. Kesavpany, A. Mani and P. Ramasamy (eds), Rising India and Indian Communities in East Asia, Institute of South East Asian Studies: Singapore, 2008 (jointly with G. Shantakumar).
  • "Inequality During an Economic Crisis: Evidence from Singapore", in Clem Tisdell (ed) Poverty, Poverty Alleviation and Social Disadvantage: Analysis, Case studies and Policies, Vol. 3 , Serial Publications: New Delhi, 2007 (jointly with Y. Chung).
  • "Earnings inequality" and "Income inequality" in T. Fitzpatrick, N. Manning, G. Pascall, J. Midgely and H. Kwon (eds), The International Encyclopedia of Social Policy, Routledge, London, New York. 2006.
  • "An Analysis of Severance Pay in India and Sri Lanka", (jointly with M. Asher) in Brassard, C. and Acharya, S. (eds)Labour Market: Regulation and Deregulation in Asia, Academic Foundation: New Delhi, 2006.
  • "Crisis, Social Sector and Income Distribution in Singapore and Thailand", in F. Sjoholm and J Tongzon (eds), Institutional Change in Southeast Asia, pp. 91-126. RoutledgeCurzon, 2005.
  • "Taxation for Environmental Efficiency and Issues of Income Distribution", (jointly with J. Thampapillai, S. M. Thangavelu and E Quah), Chapter 5 (pp 85-96) in Ashiobar, H., Deketelaere, K., Kreiser, L. and Milne. J.(eds), Critical Issues in Environmental Taxation: International and Comparative Perspectives - Volume II, Richmond Law and Tax, Richmond UK, 2005.
  • "A Generalized Social Welfare Function and its Disaggregation by Components of Income: The Method and Application",Research on Economic Inequality, 2003, Vol 9, 245-264.
  • "Equity, Efficiency and Social Welfare: An Application of Generalised Lorenz Dominance to New Zealand Income Data",Research on Income Inequality, 2003, Vol 9, 265-289 (with S. Chatteerjee and N. Podder).
  • "Income Inequality", in Singapore Economy in 21st Century: Issues and Strategies, (ed.) A. T. Koh, K. L. Lim, W.T. Hui, V. V. B. Rao and M. K. Chng, McGraw-Hill, 2002, 95-111 (jointly with V.V.B. Rao).
  • "Impact of the Economic Crisis on Higher Education in Singapore", in Impact of the Economic Crisis on Higher Education in East Asia: Country Experiences, (ed.) N.V. Varghese, International Institute of Educational Planning, UNESCO: Paris, 2002, 157-181 (jointly with G. Shantakumar).
  • "Estimation and Decomposition of Social Welfare Function by Population Subgroup", Advances in Econometrics, Vol 8: 87-102, 1999. (jointly with N. Podder).

reports toggle icon open Consultancy Reports

conference toggle icon open Conferences and Presentations

  • "Changes in Income Inequality in Urban China: Urban People Versus Migrants", International Forum of Income Distribution & Celebrating 30th Anniversary of the CHIP Surveys, 27-28 October, 2018 Beijing Normal University, Beijing (with J. Yang and J. Xue).
  • "A Potential Rail Link between Burma and India", 13th International Burma Studies Conference, 3-5 August, 2018, Bangkok. Organised by Centre for Burma Studies, Northern Illinois University (with L. Stubbs).
  • "China-ASEAN Trade Relations and Trade Potential under China’s Belt and Road Initiative: Based on Intra-industry Trade and Gravity Model", 30th Annual Conference Chinese Economics Society Australia (CESA), China’s Economy in Xi Jinping’s "New Era", July 15-17 2018, Australia-China Relations Institute, University of Technology Sydney, Australia (with W. Jiang, and Y. Yang).
  • "Firm Sorting and Productivity Distribution in China". 30th Annual Conference Chinese Economics Society Australia (CESA), China’s Economy in Xi Jinping’s "New Era", July 15-17 2018, Australia-China Relations Institute, University of Technology Sydney, Australia (with Y. Yang and Y. Zhuangxiong).
  • "Multidimensional Poverty Analysis for Armenia", The Armenian Economic Association 2017, June 23-25, 2017, Venue: Yerevan, Armenia (with A. Grigoryan).
  • "Review and Evaluation of China's Urban Housing System Transformation - From an Urban Housing Shortage to a Backlog in the Centralized Economy". 2017 Asian Real Estate Society and Global Chinese Real Estate Congress Academic Conference Sponsoring organisation: Global Chinese Real Estate Congress; Asian Real Estate Society; Taiwan Institute of Housing and Taichung City Government (with S. Yuan).
  • “Income Inequality trend in China”, CMR Seminar Series Xiamen University, China, 07 November 2016; See:
  • “Multidimensional Poverty in China”, CMR Seminar Series Xiamen University, China, 11 November 2016; See:
  • “Multidimensional Poverty in Central and West Asia”, Good Job For Inclusive Growth in Central and West Asia, Asian Development Bank Institute, Tokyo Japan, 56 October 2016.
  • “Poverty in Multiple Dimensions”, Peking University Department of Economics Seminar, Beijing, China, December 9, 2016.
  • “Influence of External Collaborations and Government R&D Support Policies on Firm Innovativeness: Econometric Evidence from India"  Singapore Economic Review Conference, 4-6 August, 2015, Singapore.
  • "The effect of government innovation support policies and external knowledge sources on firm's innovation performance: the Indian experience", August 5 - 7, 2015, The Singapore Economic Review Conference (SERC) 2015, Singapore (with S. Kolluru and C. Heaton)
  • "National innovation policies, innovation actors and firm innovation performance in India: Evidence from count data estimation methods", 27-29 August, 2015 at Research on Innovation Networks (RNI) conference on "Innovation and R&D policies: Crossroads between the North and the South" at University of Picardie Jules Verne, Paris, France. (with S. Kolluru and C. Heaton)
  • Labour Law Reform to Maintain the Social and Economic Sustainability in China: An Analysis from the Perspective of Income Distribution, 4th East Asian Law and Society Conference, EALS Tokyo at Waseda University, Japan, August 4-6, 2015 (with K. Chan)
  • "The Rural Urban Variation in Poverty in China: A Multidimensional Approach", China-Australia Joint Workshop Hefei, Anhui, China, September 17-18, 2015, Hefei University of Technology (with J. Yang)
  • Trends and Patterns of Multidimensional Poverty in Provincial China: 2000-2011, Nagoya International Workshop on China, Japan and the Asian Economy in Great Changes, 30 November, 2015, Nagoya University, Japan
  • Multidimensional Poverty in Southeast Asia, Workshop organized by Asian Development Bank, Manila, Philippines, 18 August- 22 August, 2015.
  • "Two Decomposition in Gini and Inequality in China", Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, September 30, 2014.
  • "Poverty Trends in China", Chinese Academy of Social Science, Institute of Labour and Population Economics, Beijing, December 3, 2014
  • "Multidimensional Poverty in China using CHNS", Chinese University of Finance and Economics, Beijing, 4 December, 2014
  • "Poverty and Rural Urban Disparity in China", Fudan University, Shanghai, China, 9 December, 2014
  • "Multidimensional Poverty in China in 2010, 14th International Convention of East Asian Economic Association, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, 1-2 November, 2014
  • "The Trend of Urban-Rural Disparity in Multidimensional Poverty in China: 2000-2011, Asian Development Bank Workshop on Poverty Reduction, Inequality and Inclusive Growth", Siem Reap, Cambodia, 5-7 November, 2014
  • "The Role of Psychological Altruism in Social Capital and Multidimensional Well-being", Conference on Public Happiness, St. Thomas Aquinas University, Largo Angelicum 1, Rome, Italy, 4-5 June 2013 (with S. Triandaru and E.Franks,)
  • "Gender Inequality and Ready-Made Garment (RMG) Workers in Bangladesh", Annual Symposium on Management Operation Research and Economics, 8-9 January 2013, Taipei, Taiwan (with Al-Amin Pramanik)
  • "Development of Multidimensional Gender Inequality Model for Ready-Made Garment (RMG) Workers: The Case of Bangladesh", Academic and Business Research Institute Conference 3-5 January 2013 Orlando, USA (with Al-Amin Pramanik)
  • " Poverty and Ready-Made Garment (RMG) Workers in Bangladesh" USM-AUT International Conference 17-18 November 2012, Penang, Malaysia  (with Al-Amin Pramanik)
  • "Role of Altruism in Wellbeing", Southern Economic Association Annual Meeting 2012, 16-18 November 2012, Sheraton New Orleans, New Orleans, LA, USA (with S. Triandaru and E. Franks)
  • "Economic Inequality in China: Rural Urban Dimensions", East Asian Economic Association Conference, 19-20 October 2012, Water Front Copthorne Hotel, Singapore
  • "Development of Multidimensional Poverty Index for Ready-Made Garment (RMG) Workers in Bangladesh", East Asian Economic Association Conference, 19-20 October 2012, Water Front Copthorne Hotel, Singapore (with Al-Amin Paramanik)
  • "Altruism and Transfer Behaviour", Warsaw International Economic Meeting (WIEM) 2012,  at 44/50 Dluga St, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw, 6-8 July 2012 (with S. Triandaru and E. Franks)
  • "Income Inequality Trend in China", China Income Distribution in the New Era Conference at Jinguo Garden Hotel, Beijing 6-7 January 2012, Organized by: Institute of Population and Labour Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.
  • "Some Policy Directions for Arresting China's Increasing Inequality", First Annual Workshop on Economic and Policy Development in East Asia, Bond University, Gold Coast, 13-14 October, 2011.
  • "Income Inequality in China: Some Issues", Singapore Economic Review Conference, Singapore, 4-6 August, 2011.
  • "Multidimensional Poverty and Efficiency of Government and NGOs in Rural Bangladesh", 4th Poverty and Social Protection Conference (organized by Tomorrow People Organization), Bangkok, Thailand, March 1-3, 2011 (with T. Chowdhury).
  • "Indian Economic Disparity, Institute of Development Studies", Kolkata, India, January 12, 2011 (invited speaker)
  • "Gender Bias of Government Agencies and NGOs in the Provision of Services to the Rural Poor in Bangladesh", 12th International Conference of East Asian Economic Association, October 2-3, 2010; Seoul, South Korea (with T. Chowdhury).
  • "Developing and validating a multi-dimensional scale to perform efficiency analysis of the service providers in poverty alleviation programs in Bangladesh", 80th Annual Conference of Southern Economic Association, November 20-22, 2010; Atlanta, Georgia, USA (with T. Chowdhury).
  • "Income Inequality in China: Exploration into measurement and trends", Global Asia Institute Speaker Series (invited speaker), 26 May, 2010, National University of Singapore (invited speaker).
  • "Process Patent to Product Patent", University of Kolkata, India, March 2-4, 2010 (invited speaker).
  • "Education and Child Labour in West Bengal", Indian Institute of Development Studies, Kolkata, India, February, 16-17, 2009 (invited speaker).
  • "Ageing and Gender Inequality in Singapore", Annual London Conference on Money, Economy and Management, Organized by World Business Institute at Imperial College, London, 3-4 July, 2008.
  • "Indo-Australian Economic Relations Since 2000", Indian Institute of Development Studies, Kolkata, India, February, 26-27, 2008.
  • "NHA Classification, Data Collection and Interpretation", Workshop on National Health Accounts (NHA) for Pacific Island Countries, Organized by WHO at Sydney, 26-29 November, 2007 (jointly with Osmat Azzam).
  • "Australia-India Bilateral Trade Relations", International Conference of Human Development and Trade, Kolkata, India, February 20-21, 2007.
  • "The Indian Diaspora in Singapore: Demographics, Incomes and Development Issues", International Conference on Rising India, Singapore, 26-27 October, 2006 (invited speaker).
  • "Position of Older Women: Issues and Policy Challenges in Asian Context", Singapore Economic Association Conference, Singapore, August, 2006 (invited speaker).
  • "Severance Pay in India and Sri Lanka", presented at the International Conference of Regulation and Deregulation of Labour Market. Singapore, March 2004.
  • "Severance Pay in Selected Asian Countries: A Survey", presented at the International Workshop on Severance Pay Reform: Towards Unemployment Savings and Retirement Accounts. Laxenberg/Vienna, November 7-8, 2003.
  • "Changes in Social Welfare in Singapore", presented at 32nd Conference of Economists. Manning Clark Centre, Canberra, Australia. 29 September-1 October, 2003.
  • "Taxation for environmental efficiency and issues of income distribution", National University of Singapore and University of Tokyo Joint Workshop, to be presented at National University of Singapore, 26-27 November, 2002 (jointly with Dodo Thampapillai).
  • "Generalized Social Welfare Function and its Disaggregation", The Conference on Welfare and Labour Market in EU, Marseille, France, October 25-26, 2002.
  • "Financial Crisis in Southeast Asia and its effects on the Social Sectors", International Conference of Economic Recovery and Reform, Faculty of Economics, Thammasat University, Bangkok, Thailand, 28-29 October, 2002
  • "Crisis, Social Sector and Income Distribution in some SE Asian Countries", Second workshop on Institutional Change in Southeast Asia in the Wake of Asian Crisis organized by Stockholm School of Economics and Department of Economics, National University of Singapore, 10-11 June 2002, Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden.
  • "Did Economic Crisis affect Higher Education in Singapore", in the joint workshop organized by University of Nottingham, UK and Department of Economics, National University of Singapore, 4-5 April 2002, National University of Singapore.
  • "Crisis, Social Sector and Income Distribution in some S.E. Asian Countries", First workshop on Institutional Change in Southeast Asia in the Wake of Asian Crisis organized by Stockholm School of Economics and Department of Economics, National University of Singapore, 23-24 November, 2001, National University of Singapore.
  • "Social Welfare Function: A Non-Paretian Form and its Disaggregation", 16th Annual Congress of the European Economic Association, August 29 - September 1, 2001, Lausanne, Switzerland.
  • "A Generalized Social Evaluation Function and its Disaggregation by Components of Income: The Method and Application", Far Eastern Econometric Conference, July 20-22, 2001, Kobe, Japan.
  • "Economic Crisis and Higher Education in Singapore", UNESCO Policy Forum on Economic Crisis and Higher Education in East Asia, 29-31 January, 2001, Malaysia (with G Shantakumar).
  • "An Investigation of Regional Welfare Disparity in Australia using a Generalised Social Welfare Function", Southern Economic Association Conference, Washington DC, November 12-14, 2000.
  • "Income Gap and Educational Opportunity in Some South East Asian Countries: Government Efforts in Bridging Inequality", Eighth Malaysia Singapore Forum, University of Malaysia, 19-21 October, 2000.
  • "The Trend of Welfare Disparity among Age Groups in Australia", Melbourne University and National University of Singapore Joint Symposium, Melbourne University, June 8, 2000.
  • "A Non-Paretian Social Evaluation Function and its Disaggregation by Subgroups of Population", Auckland Institute of Technology Business School Seminar Series, New Zealand, May 21, 1999.
  • "Social Evaluation Function: A Non-Paretian Form and its Disaggregation", Massey University Applied Economic Research Seminar Series, Palmerston North, New Zealand, February 2, 1999.
  • "An Overview of Australian Property and Construction Industry", Asia Construct Conference, Tokyo, Japan, 14-15 October, 1998 (with Deepak Bajaj and Dennis Lenard).
  • "Social Evaluation Functions: Some Alternative Forms", 25th Conference of Economists, Canberra, Australia, 23-25 September, 1996.
  • "Welfare Disparity among Subgroups of Population in Australia", 24th Conference of Economists, Adelaide, Australia, 25-27 September, 1995 (with N. Podder).

Professional Membership

  • Member of: The Economic Society of Australia, Sydney Australia
  • Member of: European Economic Society, Geneva Switzerland
  • Member of: East Asian Economic Association

Community engagement

  • Associate Editor, Singapore Economic Review
  • Ad hoc reviewer of several journals including Economic Modelling,Applied Economics, Social Indicators Research, World Development, Economic Record, Empirical Economics, Journal of Asian Economics, Journal of Economic Inequality, Journal of Income Distribution, Barkley Electronic Journal of Economics and Policy analysis, Singapore Economic Review, Malaysian Economic Review, Research on Economic Inequality, Asia Pacific Economic Journal, Asian Economic Bulletin, Review of Developing Economics, Journal of Asia Pacific Economy.
  • Reviewer of several books by Routledge, Macmillan, Prentice Hall.
  • Reviewer of Southern Economic Conference, Singapore Economic Conference, Australian Economic Conference, Ecopolitics XV Conference and European Economic Conference.
  • Visiting Associate Professor, Global Asia Institute, National University of Singapore, March-July 2010.
  • Secretariat, World Health Organization Workshop on National Health Accounts for Pacific Island Countries, 2007.
  • Reviewer of Macquarie University New Staff Grant Applications.
  • Moderator, Discussant: Wage and Labour Panel of the conference on Regulation, De-regulation and Re-regulation in Globalizing Asia, Singapore, March, 2004; Conference on Welfare and Labour Market in EU, Marseille, France, October, 2002; National University of Singapore and University of Tokyo Joint Workshop, at National University of Singapore, 26-27 November, 2002.
  • PhD Thesis examined: 10
  • Member of the editorial board of Asia Africa Journal of Economics and Econometrics.
  • Research Collaboration: Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden; Nottingham School of Economics, UK; Indian Institute of Development Studies, Kolkata, India; World Health Organization, Geneva

Other Appointments (Ongoing)

  • Visiting Adjunct Professor, ICFAI Business School, Hyderabad, India
  • Elected Council Member of China Australia Economic Association, 2018/2019
  • Committee Member, Research and Development Wing, Bombay Chamber of Commerce and Trade, India; since 2017
  • Associate Editor, Singapore Economic Review, Singapore, since 2015


  • Executive Dean’s Award (Faculty of Business and Economics, Macquarie University) for Excellence in Research Supervision and Leadership, 2017
  • Teaching Index Award by Pro-Vice Chancellor Learning and Teaching, Macquarie University, 2016
  • Visiting Academic (with full funding support): Chinese Academy of Social Science (2010, 2016), Xiamen University (2016), Guangzhou University (2017)
  • Merit Scholar Program for Research Scholarship, Faculty of Business and Economics, Macquarie University, 2015, 2016
  • Executive Dean’s Award (Faculty of Business and Economics, Macquarie University) for Excellence in Research Management, 2012
  • Invited lecturer: Fulbright Program, California University 2010; Asian Development Bank, Manila 2012
  • Secretariat, World Health Organization Workshop on National Health Accounts for Pacific Island Countries, 2012
  • Assessor of Pension Reform in Malaysia, Government of Malaysia, 2011
  • Executive Dean’s Award (Faculty of Business and Economics, Macquarie University) for Excellence in Service to Higher Degree Research, 2010
  • Visiting Professor, Global Asia Institute, National University of Singapore, 2010

phd supervision toggle icon open PhD Student Supervision


  • Principal supervisor of Steven Yuan - Policy effects in urban housing system in China (1997-2014)
  • Principal supervisor of Anh Thu Pham Quang - Three Essays on Multidimensional Poverty and Social Capital in Vietnam
  • Principal Supervisor of Asma Kashif - Women Empowerment in Pakistan (MRes)
  • Principal Supervisor of Srinivas Kolluru - R&D Capabilities Innovation and Firm Performance: An Empirical Study of Indian Enterprises
  • Associate Supervisor: Prashan Karunaratne, Lindsy Stubbs (MPhil), Alex Blair


  • Osmat Azzam - "Health Accounts to formulate health financing policy for the poor – Middle East and North Africa and East Asia and Pacific"
  • Sigit Triandaru - "The role of cultural differences and morality"
  • Tamgid Ahmed Chowdhury - "Efficiency of Alternative Poverty Alleviation Programs in Bangladesh"
  • Mohammod Lutful Kabir - "Poverty Reduction through Rural Non-Farm Economy (RNFE) Development in Bangladesh"
  • Paul Adjei Onyina - "The Role of Microfinance in Poverty Reduction: Ghana as a case Study"
  • MD. Al-Amin Pramanik - "Poverty and Gender Inequality: the case of Ready Made Garment Workers in Bangladesh"