- Title: Mr
- Position: PhD Student - Department of Economics
- Load: PhD Student Full Time
- Principal supervisor: Dr Pundarikaksha Mukhopadhaya
- Associate supervisor: Associate Professor William Bryant
- Date of submission: 17/02/2012
- Thesis title: Efficiency of Alternative Poverty Alleviation Programs in Bangladesh
- Abstract: This paper examines the relative efficiency of alternative poverty alleviation programs in Bangladesh, focusing particularly on the performance of the Government of Bangladesh (GOB) and Non-Government Organizations (NGO). It questions the assumption that in developing countries NGOs are better performing than the government in fighting poverty. As well as exploring the relative merits of GOB-NGO collaboration, the research will investigate the reasons behind the persistent poverty in Bangladesh despite years of concerted effort by both the GOB and NGOs towards its reduction. In addition, effort will be made to develop a performance scale for the micro-credit and other service providers in poverty alleviation process. A model will be developed and tested through Structural Equation Modeling technique to compare the efficiency of the poverty alleviation programs undertaken by GO and NGO. Principal Component Analysis and Exploratory Factor analysis techniques will be used to validate the performance scale. Simple random sampling method will be used to choose the samples from different villages of Bangladesh in a way that the areas chosen will share the following characteristics: income distribution, land holding, employment opportunities, exposure to natural disasters, and severity and length of poverty. As well as examining the socio-economic changes experienced by program beneficiaries in general, an effort will be made to measure the efficiency of projects which target the poorest of the poor. Attempts will be made to understand whether program participants show an improvement in such areas as literacy rate, income generation, savings (cash and kind), skill development, social awareness, health condition, sanitation, food intake, social well-being, social participation, and decision-making opportunities. The findings of this study should help policy makers of both the GOB and NGOs to fill gaps in their service delivery mechanisms in poverty alleviation.