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Wang, Hai-ning

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  • Paper Title: Work, Wage and Welfare Entitlement: Migrant Workers in Urban Labor Market in China
  • Department Affiliation: Marketing and Management
  • Supervisor's Names: Doctor Fei Guo

Purpose: 

This thesis seeks to increase our understanding of migratory behaviour of floating population and the discrimination against migrant workers in China’s urban labour market.

Theoretical perspective:

The literature mainly contains three kinds of theoretical approaches:

  1. the “push and pull” theory, human capital investment theory and two sectors theory
  2. the labour market segmentation theory;
  3. the discrimination theory.

Methodology:

  1. The Conditional Logit Model was used to analyse the impact of economic and social development of Beijing, Shanghai and Tianjin on the migratory behaviour of migrant workers.
  2. A series of econometric models, for instance, the Multinomial Logit Model, the Quantile Regression, the Quantile Decomposition method, the Count Model, the Logit Model and the Oaxaca-Blinder method were used to calculate the degree to which the discrimination against migrant workers and female workers from different groups in employment, wage earnings and welfare entitlement.

Research implications:

the study applies the migration theory, discrimination theory and the labour market segmentation theory empirically in a transitional society.

Practical and Social implications:

the systematic study on the employment, wage earnings and welfare entitlement of migrant workers in the urban labour market could provide evidence for Chinese government’s policy making.

Keywords:

Migrant workers; gender; migratory behaviour; multi-segmentation; discrimination.