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Amy Tung

First Name: Amy
Surname: Tung
Department Dept of Accounting and Corporate Governance
Supervisor(s): Dr Kevin Baird , Dr Herb Schoch

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Paper Title

Adoption of Environmental Management System (EMS) in Australian Manufacturing Organisations


The purpose of this paper is to examine the association between the adoption of EMS and ISO 14001 Certification with organisation environmental performance.


This study provides an exploratory analysis of the association between specific EMS attributes and organisation environmental performance.


Data were collected by mail survey questionnaire from a random sample of 899 senior financial officers in Australian manufacturing organisations.


The findings reveal that the adoption of EMS and ISO 14001 certification are associated with overall environmental performance. Further analysis reveal that while operational environmental performance was enhanced by documenting a plan of action for complying with the relevant regulation, training employees to implement the environmental procedures and conducing internal/external audits to monitor the impact of operations on the environment, management environmental performance was improved by communicating documented procedures to employees.

Research limitations/implications

This study is subject to the usual limitations of the survey study. Future studies may incorporate face-to-face interviews in order to provide richer descriptions into the hypothesised association.

Practical and Social implications

The findings reinforce the importance of EMS adoption and ISO 14001 certification in respect to enhancing organisations environmental performance. In particular, the findings highlight specific EMS attributes that managers should focus on in order to improve their environmental performance.


Environmental management system, ISO 14001, Environmental performance, Operational environmental performance, Management environmental performance